Biographies and Monographs

A Gorky: Drawings. New York: Walker and Company, in association with M. Knoedler and Co., Inc., 1970.

Alexandre Beredjiklian. Arshile Gorky: sept thèmes majeurs. Suresnes, France: Alphamédian & Johanet; Lisbon: Fondation Calouste Gulbenkian, 2007.

Hayden Herrera. Arshile Gorky: His Life and Work. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2003.

Jim M. Jordan and Robert Goldwater. The Paintings of Arshile Gorky: A Critical Catalogue. New York and London: New York University Press, 1982.

Melvin P. Lader. Arshile Gorky. New York: Abbeville Press, 1985.

Julien Levy. Arshile Gorky. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1966.

Nouritza Matossian. Black Angel: The Life of Arshile Gorky. London: Chatto & Windus, 1998; Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press, 2000.

Robert Mattison. Arshile Gorky: Works, Writings, Interviews.  Barcelona: Poligrafa, 2010.

Karlen Mooradian. Arshile Gorky Adoian. Chicago: Gilgamesh Press, 1978.

Karlen Mooradian. The Many Worlds of Arshile Gorky. Chicago: Gilgamesh Press, 1980.

Harry Rand. Arshile Gorky: The Implication of Symbols. Montclair, NJ: Allanheld & Schram; London: George Prior, 1980.

Harold Rosenberg. Arshile Gorky: The Man, the Time, the Idea. New York: Horizon Press, 1962; New York: Grove Press, Inc., 1962.

Ethel Schwabacher. Arshile Gorky. New York: The Macmillan Company for the Whitney Museum of American Art, 1957.

Matthew Spender. Arshile Gorky, Goats on the Roof: A Life in Letters and Documents. London: Ridinghouse / Karsten Schubert, 2009.

Matthew Spender. From a High Place: A Life of Arshile Gorky. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1999; Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2000.  Published in Italian as Una storia armena Vita di Arshile Gorky. Translated by Paola Pieranti.  Florence: Barbès Editore, 2010.

Kim S. Theriault. Rethinking Arshile Gorky. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009.

Dissertations and Theses

Chelsea L. Cooksey.  “Arshile Gorky: The Abstraction of Symbol, Figure, and Form.”  Thesis (MA), Purchase College, State University of New York, 2009.  

Ramela Grigorian. “The Mystery of the Missing Letters: the Myth-making of Arshile Gorky.” Thesis (MA), University of California, Los Angeles, 2001.

Hayden Herrera. “A Garden of Fantasy: An Interpretation of Arshile Gorky’s Garden in Sochi.” Thesis (MA), Hunter College, New York, 1972.

Diane R. Karp. “Arshile Gorky: The Language of Art.” Ph.D diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1982.

John Loftus. “Arshile Gorky: A Monograph.” Thesis (MA), Columbia University, 1952.

Thomas Joseph Mew. “The Late Paintings of Arshile Gorky.” Ph.D diss., The School of Education of New York University, 1966.

Richard Minutillo. “Organic Form and the Shapes and Outlines in the Paintings of Arshile Gorky.” Thesis (MA), University of California, Santa Barbara, 1969.

Harry Rand. “Arshile Gorky’s Iconography.” Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1974.

Robert F. Reiff. “A Stylistic Analysis of Arshile Gorky’s Art from 1943 – 1948.” Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1961; Reprinted: New York & London: Garland Press, 1977.

Kim S. Theriault. “Re-placing Arshile Gorky: Exile, Identity, and Abstraction in Twentieth-Century Art.” Ph.D diss., University of Virginia, 2000.

Exhibition Catalogues

Please see the Exhibition History for details about catalogues published in conjunction with exhibitions. In the future, a list of catalogues will be published on this section of the website.

Film and Video

Arshile Gorky [part of Strokes of Genius: The American Artist Film Series].  Narrated by Dustin Hoffman, 29 minutes, color.  Produced by Courtney Sale; written and directed by Charlotte Zwerin.  Santa Monica, CA: Direct Cinema Limited, 1982. 

Without Gorky.  Produced by Peacock Pictures Ltd. and the Arshile Gorky Foundation; directed by Cosima Spender, 2011.  

Journals: Special Issues on Gorky

Arti Visive 6 – 7 (Summer 1957).
Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976).
Karlen Mooradian. “A Special Issue on Arshile Gorky.” Ararat 12 (Fall 1971).

Selected Articles

“2 Museums List Art Exhibitions,” New York Times, 27 September 1959.

“4 From U.S. Chosen For Venice Art Show.” New York Times, 18 April 1962.

"A Gawk at Gorky." The Guardian, 10 February 2010.  

“Abstracts on View at Museum.” The Post Standard (Syracuse, NY), 25 October 1953.

“Academy Show of Water Colors.” Philadelphia Inquirer, 29 September 1935.

Thomas Albright. “‘Double Bill’ of Expatriate Artists.” San Francisco Chronicle, 12 February 1983.

Lawrence Alloway. “Gorky.” Artforum 1 (March 1963), pp. 28-31.

“American Artists Display Canvases.” New York Times, 11 November 1937.

“Americans in India Show.” New York Times, 15 February 1953.

“Among the New Group Exhibitions.” New York Times, 27 June 1937.

David Anfam. “Arshile Gorky: New York and Houston.” The Burlington Magazine 146 (March 2004), p. 205-206.

“Arshile Gorky.” ARTnews 47 (September 1948), pp. 56.

“Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective.” Drawing 2 (March – April 1981), p. 133.

“Arshile Gorky Exhibits.” Art Digest 10 (1 January 1936), p. 21.

“Art Lecture.” New York Times, 21 December 1935.

“Art of U.S. is shown at Museum in Paris.” New York Times, 25 April 1953.

“Art Show and Sale to Aid Relief Agency.” New York Times, 1 March 1949.

“Artist’s Death Said Suicide.” The Billings Gazette, 22 July 1948.

Dore Ashton. “Art: 9 Abstract Leaders.” New York Times, 5 April 1960.

Dore Ashton. “Art: Show of American Drawings.” New York Times, 17 November 1959.

Dore Ashton. “From Orient to West.” New York Times, 22 June 1958.

Dore Ashton. “Moderns in Baltimore.” New York Times, 26 July 1959.

Florence Avakian. “As Arshile Gorky’s Prestige Grows, His Armenian Experience Must Not Be Forgotten.” The Armenian Reporter, 5 July 2008.

Peter Balakian. “Arshile Gorky and the Armenian Genocide.” Art in America 84 (February 1996), pp. 58 – 67, 108 – 109. 

Lewis Balamuth. “I Met A. Gorky (1938).” Color and Rhyme 19 (1949), pp. 2-3.

Ariane Bankes.  “If He Couldn’t Paint, He Couldn’t Live” [Interview with Agnes “Mougouch” Gorky Fielding].  The Spectator, 6 February 2010. 

Renato Barilli. “Nota su Arshile Gorky.” Notizaiario: La Medusa Studio d’Arte Contemporania, no. 23 (December 1960), unpaginated.

Jarvis Barlow. “Paintings by Arshile Gorky at Art Museum.” Independent, Star-News (Pasadena, CA), 12 January 1958.

Alfred H. Barr, Jr. “Gorky, de Kooning, Pollock,” in “Seven Americans Open in Venice.” ARTnews 49 (June – August 1950), pp. 22-23, 60.

Kraig Binkowski.  “Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective.”  Library Journal 135 (January 2010), p. 100.

David Bonetti. “Journey to the New.” San Francisco Examiner Magazine, 10 September 2000.

Jean-Luc Bordeaux. “Arshile Gorky: His Formative Period (1925-1937).” American Art Review 1 (May-June 1974), pp. 94-108.

David Bourdon. “Gorky Translated through Tragedy.” Village Voice, 1 March 1976.

Paul Brach. “Gorky’s Secret Garden.” Art in America 69 (October 1981), pp. 122-125.

Ariella Budick. “Arshile Gorky, Philadelphia Museum of Art.” Financial Times, 2 November 2009.

Stewart Buettner. “Arshile Gorky and the Abstract Surreal.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), pp. 86-87.

Mary Burliuk. “Arshile Gorky.” Color and Rhyme 19 (1949), pp. 1-2.

James Burr. “Fighting on the Frontiers of Perception.” Apollo 131 (May 1990), pp. 344-345.

Carlyle Burrows. “Abstract Drawings.” New York Herald Tribune, 22 December 1935.

Carlyle Burrows. “A Group Show.” New York Herald Tribune, 31 May 31 1936.

“Calendar of Current Exhibitions.” Parnassus 7 (October 1935), p. 32. [Exhibition Announcement]

“Calendar of Current Exhibitions.” Parnassus 8 (January 1936), p. 32. [Exhibition Announcement]

Rachel Campbell-Johnston.  "An Old World Newly Minted."  The Times (London), 9 February 2010.

Olivier Céna. “Papiers d’Arménia.” Télérama, 19 May 1993.

Richard Chang.  "Big Art Shows in L.A. and San Francisco."  The Orange County Register, 7 July 2010 [Accessed 8 July 2010; ]. 

“College in Israel Will Benefit From Sale of 200 Art Works.” New York Times, 12 November 1962.

“Contemporary Painters.” Oakland Tribune, 23 July 1944.

Holland Cotter. “From Mimic to Master of Invention.” New York Times, 23 October 2009.

Malcolm Cowley. “Arshile Gorky –– A Note from a Friend.” New York Herald Tribune, 5 September 1948.

Miriam Dungan Cross. “Art: New York Painters’ Show in S.F. Brings Mixed Reactions.” Oakland Tribune, 20 July 1958.

Colin Dabrowski. “Albright-Knox puts its stamp on new Postal Service series.” The Buffalo News, 29 December 2009.

Philippe Dagen. “La figure et son effacement: Quarante dessins de Gorky, pour comprendre la formation de l’expressionnisme abstrait.” Le Monde, 2 June 1993.

Pierre Daix. “L’émancipation d’Arshile Gorky.” Le Quotidien de Paris, 3 June 1993.

Gene Davis. “Gorky Taught Me That: A Remembrance of Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), p. 81. 

Stuart Davis. “Arshile Gorky in the 1930s: A Personal Recollection by Stuart Davis.” Magazine of Art 44 (February 1951), pp. 56-58. 

“A Department Store Show.” New York Times, 6 January 1942.

Howard Devree. “Acquisitions From North and South of Border on View at Modern Museum.” New York Times, 13 March 1957.

Howard Devree. “Americans Today: Young Artists Who Worked Abroad — Seven Controversial Pioneers.” New York Times, 30 September 1956.

Howard Devree. “Annual Art Show Opens at Whitney.” New York Times, 6 December 1947.

Howard Devree. “Art Notes” [notice after article “Art Show Opens in Philadelphia]. New York Times, 3 November 1940.

Howard Devree. “Art: Travelers Return.” New York Times, 28 May 1959.

Howard Devree. “Briefs on a Potpourri of Current Exhibitions.” New York Times, 5 January 1935.

Howard Devree. “By Contemporaries: Recently Acquired by Museum of Modern Art.” New York Times, 2 April 1950.

Howard Devree. “Diverse Moderns—Gorky in Retrospect —Others.” New York Times, 8 December 1957.

Howard Devree. “Double Exhibition in Modern Museum.” New York Times, 29 March 1950.

Howard Devree. “In a Wide Range.” New York Times, 18 February 1951.

Howard Devree. “In Veins of Today.” New York Times, 17 March 1957.

Howard Devree. “The New Vision.” New York Times, 31 May 1959.

Howard Devree. “Of East and West.” New York Times, 2 October 1955.

Howard Devree. “A Reviewer’s Notebook.” New York Times, 22 December 1935.

Howard Devree. “A Reviewer’s Notebook.” New York Times, 26 May 1940.

Howard Devree. “A Reviewer’s Notebook: In the Galleries.” New York Times, 19 December 1937.

Howard Devree. “A Round of Galleries.” New York Times, 22 March 1936.

Howard Devree. “Season’s Heralds: The Whitney Reopens and the Galleries Present a Variety of Attractions.” New York Times, 20 September 1953.

Howard Devree. “Ushered in With June –– First Exhibition by Index of American Design –– New Group and One-Man Shows.” New York Times, 31 May 1936.

Howard Devree. “Whitney to Offer Arshile Gorky Art.” New York Times, 4 January 1951.

“Disasters: Tragedy in Jamaica Bay.” Time, 9 March 1962.

Carol Donnel-Kotrozo.  “Rand, Harry. Arshile Gorky: The Implications of Symbols.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 41 (June 1983), pp. 461 - 462. 

Henri Dorra.  “Surrealist Exhibition at Santa Barbara Campus of the University of California.” Art Journal 25 (Spring 1966), pp. 292-93.  

“Drawings by Gorky Destroyed in Crash.” New York Times, 2 March 1962.

“Events Here and There.” New York Times, 13 December 1936.

“Events on Many Fronts.” New York Times, 22 December 1935.

“Exhibition: Arshile Gorky.” Time 174 (21 September 2009), p. 87.

“Exhibition of Works of Art by Noted American Artists. From Collection of Marussia Burliuk.” Color and Rhyme, no. 27 (1952), p. 1.

“Exhibition of Works of Art by Noted American Artists. From Collection of Marussia Burliuk.” Color and Rhyme, no. 42 (1960), p. 1.

“Exhibition of Works of Art by Noted American Artists. Marussia Burliuk Collection.” Color and Rhyme, no. 46 (1961), p. 1.

Sara E. Fagan. “Strange, Quick and Beautiful: A Look at the Grand Unveiling of the Mina Boehm Metzger Collection Drawings and Paintings by Arshile Gorky.” Artscope 4 (September – October 2009), pp. 12-15, and cover ill.

Louis Finkelstein. “Becoming is Meaning: Gorky as a Draftsman.” ARTnews 68 (December 1969), pp. 44-47, 59.

Michael Fitzgerald. “Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 54 (June 1981), p. 23.

William Fitzhugh. “Art on Show in June.” Where / Paris (June 1993), p. 8.

“Frick Art Opens to Public Today.” New York Times, 16 December 1935.

“From the Reviews.” New York Times, 18 April 1954.

John Fuller.  “An Un-Victorian Photograph of the 1860’s.”  Art Journal 29 (Spring 1970), pp. 303-308, 400. [Reference to The Artist and His Mother (Whitney version)]

E.G. “Paintings by Anna Walinska.” New York World-Telegram, 6 June 1936.

Aneta Georgievska-Shine.  “Arshile Gorky: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles."  ArtUS, Issue 29 (2010), pp. 24-25.  

Emily Genauer. “Art and Artists: The Whitney’s Memorial Exhibit and the Arshile Gorky Tragedy.” New York Herald Tribune, 7 January 1951.

Emily Genauer. “Young Painters in the East.” Parnassus 9 (April 1937), pp. 16-19.

“Geometric Abstracts Exhibited at Palmer.” The Daily News (Huntingdon, Saxton, Mount Union, PA), 10 February 1989.

Valerie Glasdstone.  "At Tate Modern, Gorky's Power and Poetry."  The New York Times, 9 February 2010.  

Mat Gleason.  "The Arshile Gorky Retrospective at LA MOCA."  The Huffington Post, 7 July 2010 [Accessed 8 July 2010; ].   

Lloyd Goodrich. “American Painting and Sculpture, 1930-1959: The Moscow Exhibition.” College Art Journal 18 (Summer 1959), pp. 289 – 301.

Lloyd Goodrich. “Eight Works by Arshile Gorky with Notes by Lloyd Goodrich.” Magazine of Art 44 (February 1951), pp. 59-61.  

“Gorky’s Cousin Ends Life.” New York Times, 22 July 1948.

“Grand Central Faculty Show.” ARTnews 25 (19 February 1927), p. 4.

Clement Greenberg. “Art.” Nation 160 (24 March 1945), pp. 342-343.

Clement Greenberg. “Art.” Nation 162 (4 May 1946), pp. 552-553.

Balcomb Greene. “Memories of Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), pp. 108-110.

“A Group of New Shows.” New York Times, 6 December 1936.

Marion Hare. “The parallels –– and differences –– between Gorky and de Kooning.” The Peninsula Times Tribune, 10 February 1983.

Doug Harvey. "Gorky's Debt: The Genealogy of an Action Pioneer."  LA Weekly, 8 July 2010 [Accessed 9 July 2010; ]. 

Hayden Herrera. “Arshile Gorky: Works on Paper.” ARTnews 74 (March 1975), pp. 97, 105.

Hayden Herrera. “Gorky’s Distant Likenesses.” Art in America 90 (November 2002), p. 148-151.

Hayden Herrera. “Gorky’s Self Portraits: The Artist by Himself.” Art in America 64 (March – April 1976), pp. 56-64.

Hayden Herrera. “Master and Muse.” Vogue (December 2009), pp. 166-169.

Hayden Herrera. “The Sculptures of Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), pp. 88-90.

Thomas B Hess. “Arshile Gorky Flies Again.” New York, 12 September 1977, pp. 84 - 87.

“His Deep Creative Insight and Superb Draftsmanship — Other Shows Listed.” New York Times, 29 December 1935.

Erin Hogan. “Reading Abstract Art.” The American Scholar 72 (Autumn 2003), pp. 148-150.

Sue Hubbard.  “In Search of Lost Time.” New Statesman 139 (22 February 2010), p. 56.  

Robert Hughes. “Art: The Triumph of Achilles the Bitter.” Time Magazine, 11 May 1981, pp. 80-81.

Sam Hunter. “Chiefly Abstract.” The New York Times, 21 November 1948.

“Important One-Man Art Exhibit in L.A.” Press-Telegram (Long Beach, CA), 3 August 1952.

“Infirmary to Gain by Art Exhibition.” New York Times, 23 February 1948.

Steve Jansen.  "Cézanne and American Modernism."  Phoenix New Times, 30 June 2010 [Accessed 9 July 2010; ].

Edward Alden Jewell. “Abstract Painting Revealed at Show.” New York Times, 13 February 1935.

Edward Alden Jewel. “Aftermath of a Remarkable Season.” New York Times, 6 June 1937.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Art Brevities” [notice after article “Exhibition is Held by Illustrators]. New York Times, 12 April 1940.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Art of 5 Museums to Be Seen Today.” New York Times, 19 April 1941.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Commentary on Murals.” New York Times, 29 May 1938.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Community Effort Gains.” New York Times, 5 January 1936.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Exhibition Opens for Abstract Art.” New York Times, 25 March 1942.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Federal Art Show Has Preview Here.” New York Times, 25 May 1968.

Edward Alden Jewell. “In the Realm of Art: The Government’s Role; Under Federal Projects: A Survey of Problems and Achievements at the Outset of the New Year.” New York Times, 3 January 1937.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Museums.” New York Times, 20 June 1943.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Opens Exhibition of American Art.” New York Times, 15 September 1936.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Other Exhibitions.” New York Times, 13 October 1935.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Perennial Modernism” [exhibition notice after the article “Academe Remains Academe”]. New York Times, 20 May 1945.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Regional Show Pipes a Lively Tune.” New York Times, 14 October 1934.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Toward Abstract or Away?” New York Times, 1 July 1945.

Edward Alden Jewell. “War Art and Later.” New York Times, 23 April 1944.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Whitney Museum Opens New Show.” New York Times, 12 November 1941.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Whitney Museum Purchases” [notice after the article “French Paintings Put on View Here]. New York Times, 11 December 1937.

Edward Alden Jewell. “Whitney Museum Shows Collection.” New York Times, 8 May 1940.

Ken Johnson. “A Post-Impressionist and His American Imitators.” New York Times, 9 October 2009.

Malcolm Johnson. “Cafe Life in New York.” The New York Sun, 22 August 1941.

Patricia C. Johnson. “Exhibit Reveals Gorky’s Genius: Menil Collection Shows 140 of Artist’s Works.” Houston Chronicle, 6 March 2004.

Jim M. Jordan. “Gorky at the Guggenheim.” Art Journal 41 (Fall 1981), pp. 261-265. 

Louise Jury. “Remembering a Mother at Tate.” Evening Standard, 9 February 2010.

Jacob Kainen. “Memories of Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), pp. 96-98. 

Pepe Karmel. “Arshile Gorky: Anatomical Blackboard.” Master Drawings 40 (2002), pp. 9-23.

Samantha Kavky. "Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective." Journal of Surrealism and the Americas 4 (2010), pp. 69-72.

Patrick J. Kelleher.  “College Museum Notes.”  Art Journal 24 (Winter 1964-65), pp. 168, 170, 172. [Acquisitions and exhibitions of works by Gorky]

Patrick. J. Kelleher.  "College Museum Notes."  Art Journal 24 (Summer 1965), p. 360.  [Acquisition of work by Gorky]

Cynthia Kellogg. “At Home With Art.” New York Times, 8 May 1960.

Ara Khachatourian.  "Arshile Gorky Comes to Los Angeles."  Asbarez Armenian News, 4 June 2010.  [Accessed 5 June 2010; ]

Jerome Klein. “Gorky Exhibits Abstract Works.” New York Post, 21 December 1935.

Christopher Knight.  "Art Review: Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective @ MOCA."  LA Times, 7 June 2010.  [Accessed 9 June 2010; ]

Sanka Knox. “New World Prepares to Show Its Cultural Achievements to Old World.” New York Times, 11 March 1958.

Elaine de Kooning.  “Gorky: Painter of His Own Legend.” ARTnews 49 (January 1951), pp. 38-41, 63-66. 

Hilton Kramer. “The Case of the Purloined Image.” New York Times, 25 June 1981.

Hilton Kramer. “Gorky — Separating the Artist from the Myth.” New York Times, 22 February 1976.

Hilton Kramer. “The Pictures in the Paintings.” New York Times Book Review, 21 June 1981, p. 3, 18-19.

Daniel Kunitz. “At the Museums: A Rage for Perfected Expression.” The New York Sun, 4 December 2003.

Richard Lacayo. “The Shape Shifter.” Time 174 (9 November 2009), p. 60.

Melvin P. Lader. “Arshile Gorky’s The Artist and His Mother: Further Study of Its Evolution, Sources, and Meaning.” Arts Magazine 58 (January 1984), pp. 96-104.

James W. Lane. “Current Exhibitions.” Parnassus 8 (March 1936), p. 27.

James Lawrence. “Arshile Gorky: His Life and Work.” Burlington Magazine 146 (March 2004), pp. 182-183.

“Many Art Shows Opening In Week.” New York Times, 1 January 1951.

Henry McBride. “Glittering Attractions Held Out by the Several Museums.” New York Sun, 28 December 1935.

Robert Merritt. “Virginia Setting Spurred Gorky’s Maturity.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, 14 June 1981.

LMM [Lisa M. Messinger]. “Arshile Gorky, Sketchbook.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin: Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2006-2007 65 (Fall 2007), p. 58.

LMM [Lisa M. Messinger]. “Arshile Gorky, Virginia Landscape.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin: Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2005-2006 64 (Fall 2006), p. 57.

Angela Miller.  “Achilles the Bitter: Gorky and the Genocide.”  Oxford Art Journal 33 (2010), pp. 392-396.

Jo Miller. “The Prints of Arshile Gorky.” Brooklyn Museum Annual 6 (1964-1965), pp. 57-61.

MOCA Showcases Work of Pioneering Armenian-American Artist Arshile Gorky in West Coast Presentation.” Asbarez Armenian News, 27 April 2010. [Accessed on 6 May 2010, ]

“Modern Art Museum Shows Moore Bronze.” New York Times, 14 February 1951.

“Modern Art on Exhibition.” Syracuse Herald Journal, 18 February 1954.

“Modern Museum Council Plans to Send Art Abroad.” New York Times, 7 November 1962.

“Modern Museum to Open New Show.” New York Times, 22 January 1951.

James Monte. “The Life and Work of Arshile Gorky.” Museum Magazine 2 (June-August 1981), pp. 42-47.

Jean Murachanian.  "The Forging of an Artistic Identity: A Gorky Retrospective."  Asbarez Armenian News, 2 July 2010 [Accessed 8 July 2010; ].

“Museum Acquires 22 Modern Works.” New York Times, 17 March 1941.

“Museum Collections.” Daily Kennebec Journal (Kennebec, ME), 28 September 1970.

“New Deal Art at U. of Maryland.”  Art Journal 26 (Autumn 1966), p. 74. 

Brian O’Doherty. “Recent Openings.” New York Times, 10 February 1962.

“Off With the Smock!” New York Times, 20 May 1928.

“Old House Made New.” Life Magazine 24 (16 February 1948), pp. 90-92.

Margaret Osborn. “The Mystery of Arshile Gorky: A Personal Account.” ARTnews 61 (February 1963), pp. 42-43, 58-61.

S.P. “About Art and Artists.” New York Times, 18 May 1955.

“The Passing Shows: Arshile Gorky.” ARTnews 44 (15 March 1945), p. 24.

Elizabeth Patton. “Arshile Gorky’s tragic life; triumphant work.” Intelligencer Journal / Lancaster New Era (Lancaster, PA), 23 December 2009. [Accessed 28 December 2009, ]

Jed Perl.  “Glorious Misfits.” The New Republic 214 (8 April 2010), pp. 23-27. 

“Pink Slips and the WPA.” New York Times, 25 July 1937.

Stuart Preston. “Contemporary Show at Elkon Gallery.” New York Times, 28 October 1961.

Stuart Preston. “Modern Pioneers.” New York Times, 4 October 1959.

Stuart Preston. “A Tribute is Paid to Arshile Gorky.” New York Times, 19 December 1962.

Nancy Princenthal. “Line Readings: Arshile Gorky’s Line Drawings.” Art in America 92 (May 2004), pp. 134 – 139, with additional illustration on cover and title page.

Harry Rand. “The Calendars of Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), pp. 70 - 80. 

Harry Rand. “Great Expectations (of Style).” Arts Magazine 60 (November 1985), pp. 58-59.

“Rare: Gorky.” Connaissance des Arts 496 (June 1993), p. 26. 

Carter Ratcliff. “Gorky’s Search.” Saturday Review, August 1981, pp. 66-67.

Robert Reiff. “A Drawing by Arshile Gorky: A Study for Agony.” North Carolina Museum of Art Bulletin 8 (June 1969), pp. 17-21.

Robert Reiff. “Arshile Gorky, The Implications of Symbols” [Book Review].  Art Journal 42 (March 1982), pp. 75, 77, 79. 

Robert Reiff. "The Late Work of Arshile Gorky: A Critical Estimate."  Art Journal 22 (Spring 1963), pp. 148-152.  

Robert Reiff. "Harold Rosenberg, Arshile Gorky: The Man, the Time, the Idea, 1962" [Book Review]. Art Journal 22 (Summer 1963), p. 274. 

Robert F. Reiff. "Ethel Schwabacher, Arshile Gorky, 1957" [Book Review]. Art Journal 18 (Winter 1959), pp. 191-192.

“Reviews and Previews: Arshile Gorky.” ARTnews 45 (April 1946), p. 54.

“Reviews and Previews: Arshile Gorky.” ARTnews 46 (March 1947), p. 43.

“Reviews and Previews: Arshile Gorky.” ARTnews 47 (March 1948), p. 46.

“Reviews and Previews: Arshile Gorky.” ARTnews 47 (December 1948), pp. 53-54.

Sarah K. Rich. "Arshile Gorky." Artforum 48 (February 2010), pp. 192-193. 

Layhmond Robinson. “A Gallery of Art Lost in Mansion.” New York Times, 4 March 1961.

Selden Rodman.  “Arshile Gorky: The Implication of Symbols, by Harry Rand [Book Review].” National Review 33 (27 November 1981), pp. 1434-1435. 

Barbara Rose. “Arshile Gorky and John Graham: Eastern Exiles in a Western World.” Arts Magazine 50 (March 1976), pp. 62-69.

Harold Rosenberg. “The Art Galleries: Art and Identity: The Unfinished Masterpiece.” The New Yorker, 5 January 1963, pp. 70, 72, 74-77.

Dana Rubinstein. “Study in Financial Agony: Lehman Chief’s Wife Hires Christie’s to Auction $20 M. Collection.” The New York Observer, 26 September 2008. [Accessed 20 July 2009, ]

W. Jackson Rushing III. “Arshile Gorky’s Inner Infinity.” Art on Paper (March-April 2004), pp. 64-69.

John Russell. “Art: Lost Murals of Arshile Gorky.” New York Times, 24 November 1978.

John Russell. “Guggenheim Retrospective Charts Arshile Gorky’s Passion for Art.” New York Times, 24 April 1981.

“Sale to Benefit Irvington House.” New York Times, 18 November 1962.

Ann H. Sayre. “Walinska, Forbes, Gorky and Others.” ARTnews 34 (6 June 1936), p. 9.

Peter Schjeldahl.  "Twentieth Century Man: An Arshile Gorky Retrospective."  The New Yorker, 2 November 2009.  

Patricia Scott-Chandler.  “Rand, Harry.  Arshile Gorky: the Implications of Symbols [Book review].” Library Journal 106 (15 June 1981), p. 1299. 

Donna Seaman. “Herrera, Hayden.  Arshile Gorky: His Life and Work [Book Review].” Booklist 99 (1 & 15 June 2003), p. 1735-1736. 

Peter Selz. “Gorky + Burkhardt.” Art & Antiques 30 (October 2007), pp. 86-97.

Brian Sewell. “Mother’s Boy.” Evening Standard, 11 February 2010.

C.S.S. [Cathy S. Silver]. “Gorky, When the Going Was Rough.” ARTnews 62 (April 1963), pp. 27, 61.

Sebastian Smee. “Whistler Takes a Boarder: Gorky Collection Finds Unusual Home in Lowell Artist’s Museum.” The Boston Globe, 26 September 2009.

Douglas F. Smith.  “Herrera, Hayden. Arshile Gorky: His Life and Work [Book Review].” Library Journal 128 (1 September 2003), p. 162. 

Roberta Smith.  "Richard Diebenkorn."  New York Times, 25 June 2010 [Accessed 9 July 2010; ].

Andrew Solomon. “His Life Was a Forgery.” The New York Times Book Review, 11 July 1999, p. 8.

Andrew Solomon. “The Picasso of Washington Square.” The New York Times Book Review, 28 September 2003, p. 23.

“Some Factors of Modern Art.” Color and Rhyme, no. 26 (1952), p. 1.

“Something New.” Chronicle Telegram (Elyria, OH), 11 July 1956. [Installation view of works in the Sculpture Court of the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, OH]

Edward Sozanski. “Art: Arshile Gorky: Art and Anguish.” The Philadelphia Inquirer, 25 October 2009.

Mark Stevens. “The Great Late Bloomer.” Newsweek Magazine, 11 May 1981, pp. 78-79.

Miriam Strickland. “Museum Acquisitions.” Parnassus 10 (March 1938), pp. 17-19.

Dickran Tashjian. “Arshile Gorky’s American Script: Ethnicity and Modernism in the Diaspora.” Bucknell Review: Perspective: Art, Literature, Participation 30 (1986), pp. 144-161.

Howard Taubman. “U.S. and Russians Add to Fair Shows.” The New York Times, 3 August 1958.

Sue Taylor. “Giacometti and Gorky: Family Matters.” Art in America 92 (January 2004), pp. 25 – 27.

Tom Teicholz.  “Arshile Gorky: A Kindred Spirit, Just Not Jewish.”  Jewish Journal, 1 June 2010. [Accessed 2 June 2010; ]

Eugene Victor Thaw.  “The Abstract Expressionists.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 44 (Winter 1986-87).  

Kim S. Theriault. “The Elusive Modern.” Art Journal 64 (Spring 2005), pp. 115-117.

Sidney Tillim. “Arshile Gorky.” Arts Magazine 36 (April 1962), pp. 49-50.

GT [Gary Tinterow]. “Arshile Gorky, Study after an Antique Sculpture.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin: Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2005-2006 64 (Fall 2006), p. 56.

Nancye Tuttle. “Gorky in Lowell, a life in abstract.” The Lowell Sun, 17 September 2009.

“Two Interesting Exhibits in City Will Be Sponsored By Tech Museum.” The Morning Avalanche (Lubbock, TX), 6 January 1937.

Nick Dante Vaccaro.  "Gorky's Debt to Gaudier-Brzeska."  Art Journal 23 (Autumn 1963), pp. 33-34.  

“Variety of Shows at Art Galleries.” New York Times, 15 April 1946.

“Venice Art Show Drawings Thousands.” New York Times, 9 June 1950.

Carol Vogel. “New Masters Up for Sale.” New York Times, 13 September 2002.

Ed Voves. “Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective.” California Literary Review, 9 November 2009. [Accessed 28 December 2009, ]

Jonathan Wallis. “Perspective: Arshile Gorky retrospective at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.” Critical Mass (Philadelphia City Paper’s Arts and Entertainment Blog) [Accessed 16 November 2009, ]

Stephen Wallis. “The Federal Art Project: A New Deal for Artists.” Art and Antiques 19 (June 1996), p. 58-65.

Emily Warner. “Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective.” The Brooklyn Rail, December 2009 – January 2010. [Accessed 28 January 2009, ]

James Watrous.  “Universities and the Visual Arts.”  Art Journal 23 (Autumn 1963), pp. 1, 58-60.  

Neville Weston.  “Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective.”  Craft Arts International 79 (2010), pp. 84-86. 

“Whitney Honors Gorky.” Art Digest 25 (1 January 1951), p. 6. 

“Whitney Museum Annual.” New York Times, 5 November 1937.

“Who is Who Among the Artists: Arshele Gorky.” Color and Rhyme, no. 7 (August 1933), p. 1.

“Will This Art Endure?” New York Times Magazine, 1 December 1957, pp. 48-49.

Theodore F. Wolff. “Gorky — Crucial Artist of America’s Postwar Era.” The Christian Science Monitor, 13 May 1981.

Theodore F. Wolff. “The Many Masks of Modern Art.” The Christian Science Monitor, 26 May 1981.